OLD WEST PO POLSKU

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OLD WEST PO POLSKU

Pisanie by LAYNE on Sob Sty 07, 2017 8:06 pm

PLAN ESEJU

- kiedy to bylo, gdzie to bylo
- kto tam mieszkal
- co dzialo sie w tych latach
- czym sie zajmowali ludzie

MIT kulturowy, wyobrazenie WW kompletnie mija sie zrzeczywistoscia - wyjasnic czemu tak bylo (uboga historia w porownaniu do Europy; amerykanie probujacy wzbogacic historie, koloryzujacy) HOLLYWOOD, urozmaicenie dla atrakcji turystycznej

PRAWDA - historia WW wcale nie była tak ciekawa jak przedstawiają ją w pełnych akcji westernach. kowboje wcale nie byli wielcy i męscy, kradzieze i obrabywanie bankow wcale nie byly tak popularne (uzasadnic), przemoc wcale nie byla popularna, opowiedziec o statystykach morderstw i broni nielegalnej w tombstone





WAZNE
-

SPRAWDZIC
- poszukiwanie ZLOTA w kulturze i czasie WW
- walka z indianami
-MIT WW obfity w mieso i zloto
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Re: OLD WEST PO POLSKU

Pisanie by LAYNE on Sob Sty 07, 2017 8:58 pm

wild west to popularne odniesienie zachodnich terenów Stanów Zjednoczonych w czasach XIXwieku i pierwszej dekady XXwieku. W szerszym sensie termin „Dziki Zachód” oznacza sytuacje nieprzestrzegania prawa, rządów przemocy, nieliczenia się z autorytetem władz przez indywidualne osoby lub grupy przestępcze. do czasu pojawienia się białych osadników, dziki zachod zamieszkiwali tylko indianie. sytuacja zmienila sie dopiero w 1803 r, gdy terytorium USA gwaltownie zwiekszylo sie gdy amerykanski rzad kupil dawne kolonie francuskie, a potem takze floryde. do XIX zajal rowniez kalifornie, nowy meksyk i teksas. wowczas miliony bialych osadnikow ruszyly krytymi wozami na podboj rozleglych ziem, zwanych teraz dzikim zachodem. (indianie zostali zepchnieci na margines spoleczenstwa)
kultura obecnie kojarzona z dzielnymi i niosacymi sprawiedliwosc kowbojami, brutalnoscia, strzelaninami w bialy dzien ktore nikogo nie dziwily, pomyslnymi napadami na bank jest mocno przerysowana, a rzeczywistosc okazuje sie byc zuplenie inna niz ta powszechnie znana.


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Re: OLD WEST PO POLSKU

Pisanie by LAYNE on Sob Sty 07, 2017 9:08 pm

the relationshi[ between history and myth in the story of west go hand and hand with each other for the most part

mystical and historical figure at the same time

legends are more interesting than history (especially for americans who hasnt got that complex history as europejczycy do)
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Re: OLD WEST PO POLSKU

Pisanie by LAYNE on Sob Sty 07, 2017 9:17 pm

powszechny obraz kultury dzikiego zachodu przedstawia go jako brutalny okres rabunkow i przestepczosci. hollywood przedstawia nam go jako pelen akcji i lejacej sie krwi, podczas kiedy prawda jest o wiele nudniejsza niz mogloby sie to wydawac.

obraz dzikiego zachodu jaki znamy powszechnie jest tak odmienny od rzeczywsitosci nie tylko za sprawa hollywood, ktore zrobilo go takim w swoich filmach. literatura tez jrest obfita w koloryzowanie tego typu. dla przykladu, popularny ze swoich opowiesci rewolwerowiec, billy cody, okazala sie bazowac na jego wlasnej wyobrazni. przyznal ze wymyslil wszystkie przesadne strzelaniny w swoich ksiazkach. opowiesci o tym jak byl slawnym zabocja indian zostaly rozwiazne przez jego zone. jak mowila, podczas walki z indianami zostal ranny tylko raz, nie jak twierdzil - 137 razy. idac tym tropem, wielu popularnych zloczyncow z tamtych czasach celowo klamala na temat swoich morderstw. brutalny old west wcale nie byl taki brutalny jak go pisza. niech wystarcza statystyki, ktore dowodza, ze morderstw w tamtym czaise bylo mniej niz we wspolczesnych amerykanskich miastach. Między 1870 a 1885 rokiem wskaźnik morderstw w Wichita i Dodge City wynosił zaledwie 0,6 na rok. Najgorsza statystyka? Pięć zabójstw w ciągu jednego roku w Tombstone. W trakcie słynnej strzelaniny w O.K Corral w 1881 roku zginęły trzy osoby. w NYC od poczatku 2016 roku do 14 sierpnia zostao zamordowanych ponad 200 osob. popularne napady na bank? ponad stuletniej historii Dzikiego Zachodu doszło do zaledwie dwunastu napadów tego typu. W trudnych warunkach, w jakich przyszło żyć osadnikom na nowych terenach, lepiej było ze sobą współpracować niż walczyć. "Tak jak w większości historii opisujących sukces, historia Zachodu to przede wszystkim ciężka praca, handel, nuda i pokój. To historia mężczyzn i kobiet, którzy próbowali stworzyć sobie lepsze życie(..)" – pisze McMaken.
kolejnym mitem jest ludnosc dzikiego zachodu, ktora stanowili jedynie biali amerykanie. w rzeczywistosci xix wieczny zachod byl prawdziwym multikulturalnym centrum. nietolerancyjnosc amerykanskiego kina az do lat 50 nie pozwalala na obsadzenie w roli niebialego aktora.
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Re: OLD WEST PO POLSKU

Pisanie by LAYNE on Sob Sty 07, 2017 9:27 pm

the relationshi[ between history and myth in the story of west go hand and hand with each other for the most part. old west wcale nie byl taki jak go przedstawiano. dziki zachod stal sie ofiara wyobrazni amerykanow. it is an mystical and historical figure at the same time wiec byl to lakomy kasek dla hollywodzkiego kina, ktore zrobilo z obrazem WW co chcialo. legends are more interesting than history. especially for americans who hasnt got that complex history as europejczycy.
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Re: OLD WEST PO POLSKU

Pisanie by LAYNE on Sob Sty 07, 2017 9:28 pm

wild west to popularne odniesienie zachodnich terenów Stanów Zjednoczonych w czasach XIXwieku i poczatku XX. „Dziki Zachód” oznacza sytuacje nieprzestrzegania prawa, rządów przemocy, nieliczenia się z autorytetem władz. do czasu pojawienia się białych osadników zamieszkiwali tam tylko indianie. sytuacja zmienila sie dopiero w 1803 r, gdy terytorium USA gwaltownie zwiekszylo sie (nowe kolonie). wowczas miliony bialych osadnikow ruszyly krytymi wozami na podboj rozleglych ziem.kultura zachodu kojarzy sie z dzielnymi kowbojami, brutalnoscia, strzelaninami w bialy dzien, napadami na banki. rzeczywistosc okazuje sie byc zuplenie inna niz ta powszechnie znana.

obraz dzikiego zachodu uksztaltowalo nie tylko hollywood w swoich filmach, ale tez literatura. historia znanego rewolwerowca, billyego codyego (znana z wild west show), byla w duzej mierze wytworem jego wyobrazni. przyznal ze wymyslil wiekszosc strzelanin w swoich ksiazkach. w ksiazce twierdzi ze byl raniony przez indian 137razy, a tymczasem prawda jest ze ucierpial tylko raz. idac tym tropem, wielu popularnych zloczyncow z tamtych czasach celowo klamala na temat swoich morderstw. brutalny old west wcale nie byl taki brutalny jak go pisza. niech wystarcza statystyki, ktore dowodza, ze morderstw w tamtym czaise bylo mniej niz we wspolczesnych amerykanskich miastach. najwieksza liczba zabojstw ciagu roku wystapila w Tombstone i bylo to zaledwie 5 osob. w NYC od poczatku 2016 roku do 14 sierpnia zostao zamordowanych ponad 200 osob. w ponad stuletniej historii Dzikiego Zachodu doszło do zaledwie dwunastu napadów na bank. W trudnych warunkach, w jakich przyszło żyć osadnikom na nowych terenach, lepiej było ze sobą współpracować niż walczyć. "Tak jak w większości historii opisujących sukces, historia Zachodu to przede wszystkim ciężka praca, handel, nuda i pokój. To historia mężczyzn i kobiet, którzy próbowali stworzyć sobie lepsze życie(..)" – pisze McMaken.
kolejnym mitem jest ludnosc dzikiego zachodu, ktora stanowili jedynie biali amerykanie. w rzeczywistosci xix wieczny zachod byl prawdziwym multikulturalnym centrum. nietolerancyjnosc amerykanskiego kina az do lat 50 nie pozwalala na obsadzenie w roli niebialego aktora.

the relationshi[ between history and myth in the story of west go hand and hand with each other for the most part. old west wcale nie byl taki jak go przedstawiano. dziki zachod stal sie ofiara wyobrazni amerykanow. it is an mystical and historical figure at the same time wiec byl to lakomy kasek dla hollywodzkiego kina, ktore zrobilo z obrazem WW co chcialo. legends are more interesting than history. especially for americans who hasnt got that complex history as europejczycy.
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Re: OLD WEST PO POLSKU

Pisanie by LAYNE on Sob Sty 07, 2017 10:59 pm

Wild West is a popular reference to the west region of United States in XIX and the beginning of the XX century. Before the white settlers had arrived, the land was entirely inhabitet by Indians. The situation has changed when the teritory of the USA has suddenly increased in 1803 year (new colonies). At that time millions of white people in covered carriages charged in to conquest the vast lands. Culture of the West is associated with breaking law, brutality and defying autorities, but reality turns out to be different than what is commonly known.
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Re: OLD WEST PO POLSKU

Pisanie by LAYNE on Nie Sty 08, 2017 12:08 am

Hollywood productions are not the only reason that Wild West is perceived in that way. Literature also has its share. The history of gunfighter, Billy Cody, who was highly extolled by Americans, transpired to be work of his own imagination. He writes that he was injuried by Indians even 137 times, but the truth is he got hurt only once. He admitted that shootouts in his books were made up by himself in order to gain popularity and to cash in his works. There are places known of violence and criminality, like Dodge City, which in fact have similiar history. Exaggerating made the cities attractive for a tourists. In practice, these towns had an economic strategy in ensuring as little violence as posibble. It just were profitable to put a gloss on the boring stories.


Ostatnio zmieniony przez LAYNE dnia Nie Sty 08, 2017 1:03 am, w całości zmieniany 2 razy
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Re: OLD WEST PO POLSKU

Pisanie by LAYNE on Nie Sty 08, 2017 12:52 am

Wild West was not a half as wild as it is said. It should be enough to belive when look at the statistics, which provide that there were less of assassinations than in modern american cities. The highest number of homicides per year was noted in Tombstone and it was amount of five people. In the New York City the official death toll in 2016 is more than two hundred. Beside that, in the century-old history of Old West there were only twelve succesful bank robberries. The image of criminals invading the city and leaving it with bags full of cash is also a myth. In fact, possession of a gun was a reall riskiness, because in some cities having a gun was illegal. It was the second most common cause for arrest. The sight of two cowboys having a gunfight in the middle of a day also wasn't as frequent as Hollywood wants people to belive. At a difficult conditions as it came to live in for the settlers at the new territories, cooperation seemed to be better idea than fighting. "History of West is first and foremost the hard work, trade, boredom and peace. It is a history of men and women, who were trying to live a better life(...)", writes McMaken (Economics Editor and at the Mises Institute).
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Re: OLD WEST PO POLSKU

Pisanie by LAYNE on Nie Sty 08, 2017 1:22 am

The relationship between historz and mzth in the storz od West go hand and hand with each other for the most part. Old West became victim of American imagination. It is an mystical and historical figure at the same time. It was a tasty morsel for Hollywood, which quickly took an advantage of the unclear history of that times. Legends are more interesting than history. Especially for Americans who hasn't got that complex history as Europeans.
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Re: OLD WEST PO POLSKU

Pisanie by LAYNE on Nie Sty 08, 2017 1:25 am

Wild West is a popular reference to the west region of United States in XIX and the beginning of the XX century. Before the white settlers had arrived, the land was entirely inhabitet by Indians. The situation has changed when the teritory of the USA has suddenly increased in 1803 year (new colonies). At that time millions of white people in covered carriages charged in to conquest the vast lands. Culture of the West is associated with breaking law, brutality and defying autorities, but reality turns out to be different than what is commonly known.
Hollywood productions are not the only reason that Wild West is perceived in that way. Literature also has its share. The history of gunfighter, Billy Cody, who was highly extolled by Americans, transpired to be work of his own imagination. He writes that he was injuried by Indians even 137 times, but the truth is he got hurt only once. He admitted that shootouts in his books were made up by himself in order to gain popularity and to cash in his works. There are places known of violence and criminality, like Dodge City, which in fact have similiar history. Exaggerating made the cities attractive for a tourists. In practice, these towns had an economic strategy in ensuring as little violence as posibble. It just were profitable to put a gloss on the boring stories. Wild West was not a half as wild as it is said. It should be enough to belive when look at the statistics, which provide that there were less of assassinations than in modern american cities. The highest number of homicides per year was noted in Tombstone and it was amount of five people. In the New York City the official death toll in 2016 is more than two hundred. Beside that, in the century-old history of Old West there were only twelve succesful bank robberries. The image of criminals invading the city and leaving it with bags full of cash is also a myth. In fact, possession of a gun was a reall riskiness, because in some cities having a gun was illegal. It was the second most common cause for arrest. The sight of two cowboys having a gunfight in the middle of a day also wasn't as frequent as Hollywood wants people to belive. At a difficult conditions as it came to live in for the settlers at the new territories, cooperation seemed to be better idea than fighting. "History of West is first and foremost the hard work, trade, boredom and peace. It is a history of men and women, who were trying to live a better life(...)", writes McMaken (Economics Editor and at the Mises Institute).
The relationship between historz and mzth in the storz od West go hand and hand with each other for the most part. Old West became victim of American imagination. It is an mystical and historical figure at the same time. It was a tasty morsel for Hollywood, which quickly took an advantage of the unclear history of that times. Legends are more interesting than history. Especially for Americans who hasn't got that complex history as Europeans.


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Re: OLD WEST PO POLSKU

Pisanie by LAYNE on Nie Sty 08, 2017 1:45 am

Wild West is a reference to the west region of United States in XIX and the beginning of XX century. Before the colonist had arrived, the land was entirely inhabitet by Indians. Situation has changed when the teritory of the USA increased in 1803 year (new colonies). At that time millions of white people in covered carriages charged in to conquest the vast lands. Culture of the West is associated with breaking law, the "gun culture" and defying autorities, but reality turns out to be different than what is commonly believed.

Hollywood productions are not the only reason that Wild West is perceived in that way. Literature also has its share. The history of gunfighter, Billy Cody, highly extolled by Americans, transpired to be work of his own imagination. He writes that he was injuried by Indians 137 times, but the truth is he got hurt only once. He admitted that shootouts in his books were made up in order to gain popularity. Some places known of criminality, like Dodge City, have similiar history. Exaggerating made the cities attractive for a tourists. In practice, these towns had an economic strategy in ensuring as little violence as posibble. It were profitable to put a gloss on the boring stories. Wild West was not a half as wild as it is said. The statistics provide that there were less of assassinations than in modern american cities. The highest number of homicides per year was noted in Tombstone and it was amount of five people. In New York City the official death toll in 2016 is more than two hundred. In fact, possession of a gun was a reall riskiness, because in some towns having a gun was illegal. It was the second most common cause for arrest. The sight of two cowboys having a gunfight in the middle of a day also wasn't as frequent. At a difficult conditions, as it came to live in for the settlers at the new territories, cooperation was better idea than fighting. "History of West is first and foremost the hard work, trade, boredom and peace. It is a history of men and women, who were trying to live a better life(...)", writes McMaken (Economics Editor and at the Mises Institute).

The relationship between history and myth in the story od West go hand and hand with each other for the most part. Old West became victim of American imagination. It was a tasty morsel for Hollywood, which quickly took an advantage of its unclear history. Legends are more interesting than history. Especially for Americans who hasn't got that complex history as Europeans.
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Re: OLD WEST PO POLSKU

Pisanie by LAYNE on Nie Sty 08, 2017 2:09 am

Wild West is a reference to the west region of United States in XIX and the beginning of XX century. Before the colonist had arrived,it was entirely inhabitet by Indians. It changed in 1803 year and millions of people in covered carriages charged in to conquest the vast lands. Its culture is associated with the "gun culture" and defying autorities, but reality turns out to be different than that.

Literature and the Hollywood productions are not the only reason that Wild West is perceived in that way. There are some places known of criminality, like Dodge City, which history is exaggerated for making it attractive for tourists. In practice, these towns had an economic strategy in ensuring as little violence as posibble. It were profitable to put a gloss on the boring stories. Wild West was not a half as wild as it is said. The statistics provide that there were less of assassinations than in modern american cities. The highest number of homicides per year was noted in Tombstone and it was amount of five people. In New York the official death toll in 2016 is more than two hundred. Possession of a gun was a reall riskiness, because in some towns having a gun was illegal. It was the second most common cause for arrest. The sight of gunfight in the middle of the day also wasn't as frequent. At a difficult conditions, as it came to live in for the settlers at the new territories, cooperation was better idea than fighting. "History of West is first and foremost the hard work, trade, boredom and peace. It is a history of men and women, who were trying to live a better life(...)", writes McMaken (Economics Editor and at the Mises Institute).

The relationship between history and myth in the story od West go hand and hand with each other for the most part. Old West became victim of American imagination. It was a tasty morsel for Hollywood, which quickly took an advantage of its unclear history. Legends are more interesting than history. Especially for Americans who hasn't got that complex history as Europeans.
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Re: OLD WEST PO POLSKU

Pisanie by LAYNE on Nie Sty 08, 2017 12:10 pm

What are the main myths and truths of the idea of the Wild West?

Wild West is a reference to the west region of United States in XIX and the beginning of XX century. Before the colonist arrived, it had been entirely inhabitet by Indians. Situation changed in 1803 year and millions of people in covered carriages arrived to conquest the vast lands. It is often associated with the "gun culture" and defying autorities, but in fact, it was a bit different.

Literature and the Hollywood productions are not the only reason that Wild West is perceived in that way. There are some places known of criminality, like Dodge City, which history is exaggerated for making it attractive for tourists. In practice, these towns had an economic strategy in ensuring as little violence as posibble. It were profitable to put a gloss on the boring stories. Wild West was not a half as wild as it is said. The statistics provide that there were less of assassinations than in modern american cities. The highest number of homicides per year was noted in Tombstone and it was amount of five people. In New York the official death toll in 2016 is more than two hundred. Possession of a gun was a reall riskiness, because in some towns having a gun was illegal. It was the second most common cause for arrest. The sight of gunfight in the middle of the day also wasn't as frequent. At a difficult conditions, as it came to live in for the settlers at the new territories, cooperation was better idea than fighting. "History of West is first and foremost the hard work, trade, boredom and peace. It is a history of men and women, who were trying to live a better life(...)", writes McMaken (Economics Editor and at the Mises Institute).

In conclusion relationship between history and myth in the story Old West go hand and hand with each other for the most part. Old West became victim of American imagination. It was a tasty morsel for Hollywood, which quickly took an advantage of its unclear history. Legends are more interesting than history. Especially for Americans who hasn't got that complex history as Europeans.
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Re: OLD WEST PO POLSKU

Pisanie by LAYNE on Nie Sty 08, 2017 12:37 pm

What are the main myths and truths of the idea of the Wild West?

Wild West is a reference to the west region of United States in XIX and the beginning of XX century. It is often associated with the "gun culture", bank robberies, and defying autorities, but in fact, history was a bit different.

To begin with, the very first cowboys were Indians, not Americans as it is believed. This is why many traditions of Old West are relaed to Mexican culture (where Indians comprise of 12,7%). Wild West slang also has its borrowings from Spanish-speaking countries. The best example is local cowboys called "vaquero", meaning "cow".

Another vital is that cowboys life was not that glamurous as it is presented in most westerns. Horseman job was painstaking and boring. They were working 18 hours per day and did not have that many breathtaking adventures as it is shown in Hollywood productions.

Apart from above, there was a belief that only men could be a cowboy, yet history proves that there were women (such as famous Lizzie Johnson or Amanda Burks) who owned ranches and ran their own cattle drivers. There is not a possibility that someone interested in Wild West history did not hear about Sacagevea, who is now icon of woman’s contributions and independence.

In conclusion, relationship between history and myth in the story Old West go hand and hand with each other for the most part. Old West became victim of American imagination. It was a good opportunity for Hollywood, which quickly took an advantage of its unclear past. Legends are more interesting than history. Especially for Americans who hasn't got that complex history as Europeans.
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Re: OLD WEST PO POLSKU

Pisanie by LAYNE on Nie Sty 08, 2017 4:48 pm

Wild West is a reference to the west region of United States in XIX and the beginning of XX century. It is often associated with the "gun culture", bank robberies, and defying autorities. In fact, the history was a bit different.
To begin with, the very first cowboys were Indians, not Americans as it is believed. This is why many traditions of Old West are relaed to Mexican culture (where Indians are 12,7% of population). Wild West slang also has its borrowings from Spanish-speaking countries. The good example is local cowboys called "vaquero", meaning "cow".
Another vital fact is that cowboys life was not that glamurous as it is presented in most westerns. Horseman job was painstaking and boring. They were working 18 hours per day and did not have that many breathtaking adventures as it is shown in Hollywood productions.
Apart from the above, there was a belief that only men could be a cowboy. The history proves that there were women (such as famous Lizzie Johnson or Amanda Burks) who owned ranches and ran their own cattle drivers. There is not a possibility that someone interested in Wild West history did not hear about Sacagevea, who is now an icon of woman’s contributions and independence.
In conclusion, truth and myth in the history of Old West come together in most of the cases. The story of these days became a victim of American imagination. It was a good opportunity for Hollywood, which quickly took an advantage of its unclear past. Legends are more interesting than history. Especially for Americans who hasn't got that long lasting history as Europeans.
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